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18 Maart 1944

18 Maart 1944


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18 Maart 1944

Oorlog in die lug

Die swaarste RAF -aanval van die oorlog tot dusver - 3 000 ton bomme word op Hamburg gegooi

Diplomasie

Hitler ontmoet admiraal Horthy, Hongaarse leier. Duitse troepe kom die volgende dag Hongarye binne

Italië

Nieu -Seelanders loods 'n onsuksesvolle tenkaanval op die klooster by Cassino

Birma

Indiese troepe word van die Arakan na Imphal gehef



Mount Vesuvius: Foto's uit die laaste groot uitbarsting van die vulkaan, 1944

Troepe kyk na die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius, Italië, 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Geskryf deur: Liz Ronk

Die beroemdste vulkaan op aarde, die berg Vesuvius van Italië, hang soos 'n onvoorspelbare god bo die Golf van Napels. Die verhaal van die uitbarsting van die berge in 79 nC wat Pompeii en Herculaneum verwoes het en die twee ou dorpe begrawe het in rots en as, is soveel keer in kuns en literatuur uitgebeeld dat dit die gevoel van mite aangeneem het.

Vesuvius het trouens tientalle kere in die eeue uitgebars sedert Pompeii en Herculaneum byna uit die geskiedenis uitgevee is, soms duisende doodgemaak het (soos in 1631), ander tye huise en selfs hele dorpe vernietig, maar niemand dood gelaat nie. Die laaste groot uitbarsting het 70 jaar gelede plaasgevind, te midde van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, en is afgeneem deur die groot Britse fotograaf en lid van die Magnum -stigter, George Rodger.

Soos LIFE sy lesers in die uitgawe van die tydskrif van 17 April 1944 aan sy lesers opgemerk het, het die uitbarsting die ingewikkeldhede van die stryd teen 'n oorlog en bloot in die suide van Italië vererger. Vanaf 18 Maart en steeds aanhou, het die uitbarsting die Geallieerde Militêre Regering nog 'n paar duisend meer vlugtelinge gegee om na te kyk en die naghorison so ver noord as die strand van Anzio op te helder. ”

Maar LIFE haal ook die direkteur van die Mt.

'N Wonderlike ding, my Vesuvius, en die professor was opgewonde. Dit bedek die land met kosbare as wat die aarde vrugbaar maak en druiwe groei, en wyn. Daarom dat mense na elke uitbarsting hul huise op die hange van die vulkaan herbou. Daarom noem hulle die hange van Vesuvius die compania felix—die gelukkige land. ”

Troepe kyk na die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius, Italië, 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Troepe in 'n kloktoring tydens die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius in 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Priester en kinders tydens die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius in 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Burgerlikes het meubels geskuif tydens die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius in 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Mense het die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius in 1944 dopgehou.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Kinders, Italië, 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Nagtelike uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius, 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Vlugtelinge het deur stof getrek tydens die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius in 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Mense het deur as en stof gegaan tydens die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius in 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Straattoneel, 1944, ten tye van die berg Vesuvius en die laaste groot uitbarsting#8217.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius in Italië in 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock

Toneel in die nabygeleë stad tydens die uitbarsting van die berg Vesuvius in 1944.

George Rodger/Life Pictures/Shutterstock


[Brief van John Todd Willis, jr. Aan sy ouers, 18 Maart 1944]

Brief van John Todd Willis, jr. Aan sy ouers Clara en John T. Willis, sr. Op 18 Maart 1944. Die weer is pragtig in Italië, en hy mis die son. Hy noem dat hy 'n brief ontvang van sy tante Sallie Letitia Willis, en vra wat help haar MA -graad haar.

Fisiese beskrywing

1 bl. 14 x 11 cm., Gevou tot 9 x 11 cm.

Skeppingsinligting

Konteks

Hierdie brief is deel van die versameling getiteld: T. B. Willis Photograph Collection en is verskaf deur die Private Collection van T. B. Willis aan The Portal to Texas History, 'n digitale bewaarplek wat deur die UNT Libraries aangebied word. Dit is 54 keer bekyk. Meer inligting oor hierdie brief kan hieronder besigtig word.

Mense en organisasies wat verband hou met die skepping van hierdie brief of die inhoud daarvan.

Skrywer

Persone genoem

Mense wat op een of ander manier betekenisvol is vir die inhoud van hierdie brief. Bykomende name kan in onderwerpe hieronder verskyn.

Gehore

Kyk na ons webwerf vir hulpbronne vir opvoeders! Ons het dit geïdentifiseer brief as 'n primêre bron binne ons versamelings. Navorsers, opvoeders en studente vind hierdie brief nuttig in hul werk.

Verskaf deur

Privaat versameling van T. B. Willis

Die privaatversameling van T. B. Willis bestaan ​​uit foto's van die MacArthur van die Eerste Wêreldoorlog, foto's van historiese geboue in Texas, 'n versameling Afro-Amerikaanse foto's en addisionele fotoalbums wat die van sy familie insluit wat gedurende die 19de eeu in Texas gevestig het.


Hierdie dag in die geskiedenis van Erie: 18 Maart 1944

Erie se geboortehuisheld Phil Cochran het 'n suksesvolle aanval in Birma uitgevoer.

1944: Erie se Tweede Wêreldoorlog se held, kolonel Phil G. Cochran, het 'n suksesvolle aanval in die Stille Oseaan -teater gelei.

Volgens die Erie Daily Times het Cochran 'n groep sweeftuie -vlieëniers na een van die 'mees skouspelagtige en suksesvolle invalle in die militêre geskiedenis' gelei, wat Japannese lyne in Birma gebreek het.

Cochran het tydens die oorlog baie taktiese luggevegte, lugvervoer en lugaanvaltegnieke ontwikkel, veral in Birma tydens die operasies van die 1st Air Commando Group.

Oorlogsbeamptes het aan Cochran gesê dat sweeftuie nie in die oerwoude van Birma gebruik kan word nie, maar die optimisme van Cochran het vrugte afgewerp toe hy die groep sweeftuie as aanvalsvliegtuie agter vyandelike linies gelei het tydens aanvalle, deur oerwoudopruimings as primitiewe vliegvelde te gebruik om Britse en Indiese troepe in staat te stel om maak 'n groter gebied skoon sodat die groter vervoervliegtuie kan land.


Van Oświęcim na Gliwice via Mikołów

Bieruń Stary

In die parochiebegraafplaas in Bieruń Stary, nie ver van Oświęcim nie, het die graf van 10 gevangenes wat op 19 Januarie 1945 geskiet is, 'n gedenkplaat met die opskrif: & ldquo Ter ere van die helde van die generasie 1939-1945 as waarskuwing Hier lê 10 onbekende politieke gevangenes vermoor in 1945 deur die Hitleritiese besetter binne die grense van Bieruń Stary tydens die ontruiming van die Auschwitz-Birkenau-konsentrasiekamp. & rdquo
Die gedenkplaat is betaal deur die plaaslike inwoners en ZBoWID, en word onder die sorg van skoolkinders.

Op die voorhof van die Joodse begraafplaas op ulica Konstytucji 3 Maja in Mikoł & oacutew is daar 'n kollektiewe graf vir lede van die versetsbeweging wat in Januarie 1945 en Auschwitz -gevangenes tereggestel is tydens die & ldquodeath -optog. & Rdquo Dankie aan die pogings van die plaaslike gemeenskap en lede van ZBoWID, 'n obelisk is in 1965 op die graf opgerig met die opskrif: & ldquo Ter ere van die nagedagtenis aan 14 helde uit die weerstandsbeweging wat in 1945 deur die Hitleriete op hierdie plek geskiet is, en 60 gevangenes van die Oświęcim -kamp. & Rdquo

Die plek is onder die beskerming van Laerskool no. 3 en die meganisasie -aanleg van die Wiromet -myn- en energiebedryf.

Daar is 'n graf met die oorblyfsels van 13 Oświęcim -gevangenes in die Hanus -bos in die dorp Mokre, naby Mikoł & oacutew, op die pad na Gliwice. Die gedenktafel daar lui: & ldquoPlek van teregstelling van 13 gevangenes uit die Oświęcim -kamp tereggestel deur die Hitleriete op 22 Januarie 1945. Eer aan hul nagedagtenis. & Rdquo

Borowa Wieś

Een en dertig Auschwitz-gevangenes sterf in Borowa Wieś. 'N Monument wat by hul graf opgerig is, dra die legende: & ldquo Hier lê 31 Oświęcim -gevangenes wat in Januarie 1945 deur die Hitleriete vermoor is tydens die optog deur Borowa Wieś. & Rdquo

Daar is twee plekke in Gliwice ter herdenking van die slagoffers van die doodsmars. & Rdquo Die eerste is 'n monument wat in die Sentrale Begraafplaas op Ulica Kozielska opgerig is, naby die graf, waar die oorblyfsels van die slagoffers van die gebeure van Januarie 1945 in 1948 heropgestel is. onthulling is gehou in 1970. Die monument is ingeskryf: & ldquoIn hulde aan die slagoffers van fascistiese barbaarsheid, ter nagedagtenis aan die geslagte. Inwoners van Gliwice [en] TRZZ [Society for the Development of the Western Territories] 1 IX 1970. & rdquo

Die monument is onder die sorg van studente van die sekondêre skool nr. 1 geplaas.

Die tweede plek waar slagoffers van Januarie 1945 lê, is die Joodse begraafplaas op 14 ulica Poniatowskiego. Die gedenkplaat bevat 'n opskrif in Pools en Hebreeus: & ldquo Hulle sterf as martelaars en sterfgevalle in die hande van die Hitleritiese myrmidons. Tot die ewige skande van die Duitse fascisme. & Rdquo

Die grafsteen is opgerig op die plek waar 79 Auschwitz-gevangenes begrawe is in 1945. Die gedenkplaat, betaal deur die Sosiaal-Kulturele Vereniging van Jode in Pole, is onder die beskerming van die skenkervereniging en studente van G & oacuternośląskie Centrum Edukacyjne im . Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie in Gliwice.


Hierdie dag in die geskiedenis van Erie: 18 Maart 1944

Erie se geboortehuisheld Phil Cochran het 'n suksesvolle aanval in Birma uitgevoer.

1944: Erie se Tweede Wêreldoorlog se held, kolonel Phil G. Cochran, het 'n suksesvolle aanval in die Stille Oseaan -teater gelei.

Volgens die Erie Daily Times het Cochran 'n groep sweeftuie -vlieëniers na een van die 'mees skouspelagtige en suksesvolle invalle in die militêre geskiedenis' gelei, wat Japannese lyne in Birma gebreek het.

Cochran het tydens die oorlog baie taktiese luggevegte, lugvervoer en lugaanvaltegnieke ontwikkel, veral in Birma tydens die operasies van die 1st Air Commando Group.

Oorlogsbeamptes het aan Cochran gesê dat sweeftuie nie in die oerwoude van Birma gebruik kan word nie, maar die optimisme van Cochran het vrugte afgewerp toe hy die groep sweeftuie as aanvalsvliegtuie agter vyandelike linies gelei het tydens aanvalle, deur oerwoudopruimings as primitiewe vliegvelde te gebruik om Britse en Indiese troepe in staat te stel om maak 'n groter gebied skoon sodat die groter vervoervliegtuie kan land.


Gebore in Junie

Gebore: 1 Junie 1926, Los Angeles, Kalifornië

Gebore: 3 Junie 1906, St. Louis, Missouri

Gebore: 4 Junie 1975, Los Angeles, Kalifornië

Gebore: 8 Junie 1867, Richland Center, Wisconsin

Gebore: 10 Junie 1893, Wichita, Kansas

Gebore: 13 Junie 1981, Boston, Massachusetts

Gebore: 20 Junie 1949, Tuskegee, Alabama

1968 James Earl Ray gevang op die lughawe in Londen twee maande na die sluipmoord op dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

1978 Naomi James breek die solo seilrekord wêreldwyd.

1934 maak Donald Duck sy eerste rolprentverskyning in The Wise Little Hen, 'n kort van Walt Disney.

1973 se sekretariaat het die eerste Triple Crown -wenner in 25 jaar geword.

1983 Margaret Thatcher wen 'n groot oorwinning in die Britse algemene verkiesing.

1940 verklaar Italië oorlog teen Frankryk en Groot -Brittanje.

1967 Die Sesdaagse Oorlog eindig in die Midde -Ooste.

2013 Edward Snowden onthul as persoon wat inligting oor die NSA uitgelek het.

1944 Die vyf geallieerde landingsgroepe, wat uit ongeveer 330 000 troepe bestaan, kom bymekaar in Normandië.

1959 Die "Hovercraft" het sy amptelike bekendstelling by die Solent aan die Suidkus van Engeland.

1979 Filmster John Wayne, ook bekend as die "hertog", sterf aan kanker.

2001 Timothy McVeigh tereggestel deur dodelike inspuiting vir die bombardering van die Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.

2009 Die Wêreldgesondheidsorganisasie verklaar die H1N1 -griepstam, na verwys as "varkgriep", as 'n wêreldwye pandemie.

In 1917 het koning Konstantyn I van Griekeland sy troon afgelê.

1964 Die leier van die African National Congress (ANC) in Suid -Afrika, Nelson Mandela, word lewenslank tronk toe gestuur vir sabotasie.

1994 O.J. Simpson -polisiemotor jaag na die moord op sy vrou Nicole Brown Simpson.

1933 Herfinansieringswet op die groot depressie van huiseienaars het in die kongres aangeneem.

1944 Duitsland V1 -vuurpyle/Doodlebugs crash op Londen.

In 1966 lewer die hoofregter, Earl Warren, 'n belangrike Miranda vs Arizona -beslissing van die Hooggeregshof, waarin die Miranda -regte tot stand kom.

1991 Boris Jeltsin wen die eerste Russiese verkiesing vir Rusland se eerste volksverkose president.

1940 Duitse tenks het Parys ingeval en die stad oorgeneem.

1942 Anne Frank begin haar dagboek nadat sy dit vir haar 13de verjaardag ontvang het.

1954 President Eisenhower onderteken 'n wetsontwerp om die woorde "onder God" by die Amerikaanse toezegging van trou te voeg.

1954 Atomic Emergency Civil Defense Drill.

1982 Die Falkland Eilande Oorlog eindig na 6 weke toe Argentinië aan Groot -Brittanje oorgegee het.

1904 Die General Slocum het aan die brand gesteek op die East River in New York met die verlies van meer as 1000 lewens.

1935 New Deal -wetgewing geslaag.

Ons het elke jaar baie ure ondersoek ingestel na lewenskoste -inligting en ek het hierdie bladsy geskep nadat ek 'n paar keer gevra is waarom ek nie die huidige pryse saam met ons lewenskoste -inligting vir elke jaar ingesluit het nie en gedink het dat dit die maklikste manier is om dit te maak die beskikbare inligting. Sluit die gemiddelde koste van nuwe huis, gemiddelde lone, nuwe motorkoste, liter gas en 'n 1 lb Hamburgervleis, 1920 tot 2021 in.

1967 tree Jimi Hendrix op tydens die Monterey International Pop Music Festival.

1978 The Movie Grease, met John Travolta en Olivia Newton-John in die hoofrol, word geopen.

1885 Die Franse geskenk aan die Verenigde State "The Statue of Liberty" arriveer in New York aan boord van die Franse skip Isere.

1930 President Herbert Hoover onderteken die wetsontwerp op die Smoot-Hawley-tarief wat die invoer na die VSA verhoog.

1972 word 5 mans gearresteer omdat hulle by die hoofkwartier van die Demokratiese Nasionale Komitee in Watergate, Washington, DC ingebreek het

1948 Columbia Records onthul in New York City sy nuwe langspeelbare fonograafrekord, die 33 1/3, in die openbaar.

1976 Die Soweto -opstand begin in Suid -Afrika.

1979 President Jimmy Carter en die Sowjet-leier Leonid Brezjnev onderteken die Salt-II-ooreenkoms.

2000 Tiger Woods wen die 100ste Amerikaanse Ope op Pebble Beach, Kalifornië, met 'n ongehoorde 15 houe.

1905 Die wêreld se eerste nikkelodeon word geopen.

1923 Mure van lawa, een kilometer breed, het van die Etna afgedaal na die stad Lingauglossa in Italië en die stad begrawe.

1953 Julius en Ethel Rosenberg word tereggestel in die Sing Sing -gevangenis.

1968 neem 50 000 mense deel aan "The Poor Peoples March" wat gereël is deur Martin Luther King Jr.

1893 'n Jurie in New Bedford, Mass., Het Lizzie Borden onskuldig bevind van die bylmoorde op haar pa en stiefma.

1910 Die eerste vadersdag is vir die eerste keer gevier in Spokane, Washington

1963 Hot Line tussen die VSA en die Sowjetunie.

1975 Die somerfilm "Jaws" word vrygestel.

1977 Ru-olie uit Noord-Alaska begin deur die trans-Alaska-pypleiding vloei na die hawe van Valdez, Alaska.

1877 Tien lede van die Irish Miners Group, die Molly Maguires, word vir moord opgehang.

2001 Generaal Pervez Musharraf neem die bewind in Pakistan oor.

2003 JK Rowling se "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix" word uitgereik en word die boek wat die vinnigste verkoop is.

1937 wen Joe Louis die wêreldtitel vir swaargewigbok en wen Jim Braddock in 'n uitklophou in die agtste ronde.

1941 begin Duitsland Operasie Barbarossa, die inval in Rusland.

1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt onderteken die GI Bill of Rights.

1970 President Nixon onderteken 'n wetsontwerp om die stemouderdom te verlaag tot 18 vir alle federale, staats- en plaaslike verkiesings.

1931 Wiley Post en sy navigator, Harold Gatty, vertrek vir 'n rekordvlug wêreldwyd in 'n enkelmotorige vliegtuig.

1989 Die film Batman word in teaters geopen, met Michael Keaton en Jack Nicholson in die hoofrol.

1999 Landmark Tobacco Settlement ooreengekom.

2000 Brand by die Childers Palace Backpackers Hostel in Childers, Queensland, Australië, het 15 rugsakreisigers doodgemaak.

1901 Eerste groot uitstalling van Pablo Picasso se kunswerke wat in Frankryk vertoon word.

1948 Sowjette blokkeer Wes -Berlyn en blokkeer alle land- en waterroetes tussen Wes -Duitsland en Wes -Berlyn.

2010 Julia Gillard word die eerste vroulike premier van Australië.

1876 ​​Custer se laaste stand tydens die Slag van die Little Bighorn.

1943 Generaal -majoor Dwight D. Eisenhower neem bevel as die opperste geallieerde bevelvoerder in Europa.

1950 Noord -Korea val Suid -Korea aan tydens die Koreaanse oorlog.

1967 het die Beatles 'All You Need Is Love' voor 'n internasionale televisiegehoor opgeneem.

1906 Die eerste Franse Grand Prix, die eerste wedloop in sy soort wat oral gehou is, is in Le Mans opgevoer.

1945 het 50 nasies die Handves van die Verenigde Nasies onderteken om die wêreldliggaam tot stand te bring om 'n ander Wêreldoorlog te stuit.

In 1948 begin die Verenigde State 'n massiewe hysbak van voedsel, water en medisyne na die burgers van Wes -Berlyn.

1959 Die St. Lawrence Seaway het sy amptelike opening gehad.

1963 President John F. Kennedy het bekende toespraak voor die Berlynse muur gehou toe hy aan die skare verklaar het: "Ich bin ein Berliner."

2009 Michael Jackson (die koning van die pop) sterf.

1944 Geallieerde magte bevry Cherbourg as die eerste stap na die bevryding van Frankryk en die begin van die einde vir die Tweede Wêreldoorlog.

1976 Die wêreld se eerste aangetekende Ebola -virusepidemie.

1919 onderteken Duitsland die Verdrag van Versailles met die Geallieerdes, wat die Eerste Wêreldoorlog amptelik beëindig

1997 Mike Tyson het Evander Holyfield se oor gebyt.

1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower onderteken die National Interstate and Defense Highways Act om 41,000 myl tussen snelweë te skep.

1995 Amerikaanse pendel Atlantis het 'n noodhulp van twee kosmonaute by die Russiese Mir -ruimtestasie afgelewer.

1937 999 nooddiens word in Londen begin.

1997 JK Rowling se eerste Harry Potter -boek "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" wat in die Verenigde Koninkryk vrygestel is.


18 Maart 1944 - Geskiedenis

Hulle het ongelooflike neuskuns op hul rug, en wonderlike kolle.

Netscape -gebruikers: Klik hier vir 'n AAF -afkorting

Onderwerp: Aflaai van 'n pleisterdatum: 28/05/2006 08:07:32 P.M. Pacific Daylight Time From: [email protected]
Brian,
My oom, 1LT Linton D. Hamilton het verdwyn tydens 'n meervliegtuigmissie wat op 18 Januarie 1943 in die Aleoetiese eilande afkomstig was. Ons kon geen inligting oor sy eenheid en die missie bekom nie, totdat ek onlangs 'n afskrif van 'n nuusberig ontvang het wys hoe hy saam met 'n aangewese man oor 'n oprit loop. Deur middel van fotoverbetering kon ons 'n foto druk waarop Linton in 'n A2 -baadjie met 'n eskadervlek op sy linkerbors gewys is. Gelukkig kon ek die pleister op u webwerf identifiseer. Hy was lid van die 21ste Bom Sqdn, 30ste Bom Grp. Ek wil toestemming hê om die pleister en enige ander inligting wat u mag hê oor die beskikbaarheid van die pleister vir versamelaars af te laai. Ek is 'n afgetrede Amerikaanse weermag CW4, meester Aviator self, my oorlede broer was 'n afgetrede CPT, Army Aviator en my oorlede pa CJ, die broer van Linton, het as 'n LTC in die Militêre Polisie bedank. Dankie vir al die werk wat u gedoen het het gedoen. Bill Hamilton

Beste Bill,
Dankie vir u diens aan ons land. Ek wens ek kon u oom, pa en broer ook bedank. Ek hoop dat julle almal weet hoeveel ons julle waardeer. Ek is jammer om te hoor van die verlies van u oom. Ek is dankbaar dat u die nuusberig gevind het en dat die tegnologie vandag bestaan ​​om sulke besonderhede uit te haal. Ek is bly dat ek kon help. Aangeheg is 'n Hi-Res-skandering van die pleister. Ek het hierdie pleister op Gun/militaria -shows sowel as op eBay gesien. U behoort een te kan vind. Goeie jag,
Brian

Hallo Brian,
My naam is Tim McCluskey. My pa was Robert J. McCluskey. Pa was in die 17de BG en is neergeskiet oor Toulon Harbar, Frankryk, 20 Augustus 1944. Slegs 2 het oorleef. Pa en George Moscovis. Ek probeer sy A-2-vlugbaadjie herskep en probeer Insignia opspoor wat hy op sy A-2 sou gehad het. Ek hoef nie noodwendig die oorspronklike Insignia te hê nie, maar dit sal wonderlik wees. Enige hulp sal waardeer word. Dankie by voorbaat,
Tim McCluskey

Hallo Tim,
Lekker om vir jou te skryf. Dankie dat jy my geskryf het. Sjoe, wat 'n wonderlike storie!
Ek het die skop muil pleister hier iewers - neem seker 'n maand ten minste om dit te vind. Ek het dalk selfs 2 daarvan. e-pos my binne 4-5 weke om te sien of ek dit nog gevind het.
Brian

Brian,
Dankie dat u teruggekeer het na my. Ek heg die prentjie van Pa se B-26 aan, asook die skakel na die B-26 Mauraders Historical Society. My broer het die oorspronklike foto; ons het vroeër die negatiewe van hierdie foto aan die vader gegee deur die fotograaf wat dit geneem het. Kan dit nou blykbaar nie vind nie - waarskynlik in die rigting van sy A -2 -vliegbaadjie. Ek skandeer 'n paar foto's van Pa wat ek na die Archivists by PIMA moet stuur, maar dit het tans nie. Chuck O'Mohney skryf ook hierdie herfs/winter -uitgawe 'n artikel vir Flight Journal oor #50 'Flossie's Fury' (op soek na die neus, volgende!). Chuck het 'n boek en verskeie artikels oor die Tweede Wêreldoorlog geskryf. Baie interessante goed. Ek stuur 'n afskrif wanneer dit gepubliseer word. Ek het nou 'n rowwe konsep, maar wil nie hê dat dit in omloop moet kom totdat dit die nuutstalletjies bereik nie. Hierdie hele B-26 historiese skop waarop ek was, was 'n soort van 'n toeval-net op die internet gesoek en die B-26 Mauraders Historical Society-webwerf en hierdie foto gevind. Dit is die tweede keer in my lewe dat ek hierdie foto raakloop, een keer as 'n kind by die kiosk dit in 'n Tweede Wêreldoorlog lugvaarttydskrif gevind het, ne? Ek kom binne 4-5 weke terug. Die liefde om hierdie pleister in die hande te kry, sal baie vir my beteken. Ek is ook op soek na die 95ste BG -pleister, ook hieronder aangeheg. Dankie by voorbaat. Tim
http://www.b-26marauderarchive.org/PH/B26/P978.htm
http://www.web-birds.com/12th/17/17.htm
Toujous Au Danger
"Ooit in gevaar"

Tim, dankie vir die foto's. Ek gaan dit saam met ons korrespondensie by my webwerf voeg. Dit is die beloning vir my - ek hoor graag die verhale en help om die geslag van vandag aan te raak en 'n verbinding met die Tweede Wêreldoorlog te vestig. Ek sien uit daarna om die artikel te sien waarvan u gepraat het. Dankie!
Pas jou op,
Brian

Hallo Brian,
Vra eerbiedig toestemming vir enige beelde wat u mag hê van 22ste BG 2de eskader "Red Raiders" pleisters, logo's, ens. My oupa se naam was Joseph F. Champion en het tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog saam met die Red Raiders oor Okinawa, Japan en die Filippyne gevlieg. Nadat ek 12 jaar lank by die vloot gedien het (ja, ek is 'n leeftyd, dink ek LOL) en stralers vir drie verskillende eskaders onderhou het, het ek 'n behoorlike aptyt ontwikkel vir enige eskadergeskiedenis vir my persoonlike familie -argiewe, veral my oupa se ou eskader. Daar is baie min wat ek kon vind. En ek sal baie belangstel om 'n pleister of logo van die Red Raider -eskader aan te skaf, ongeag die outentieke egtheid. (alhoewel die regte McCoy as 'n ware juweel beskou sou word) óf die rooi nordeman, óf die voël in die wit diamant wat na links wys. Enige toestemming van die beelde, die reëlings vir die aankoop van lappies, ens. Word baie waardeer. Dankie dat u die tyd geneem het om te lees. Regtig,
John E. Kampioen
AT2 (AW) USN
AIMD OCEANA VA

Hallo,
Dankie vir u diens aan ons land! En ook vir jou pa. Ek het net die een pleister as teenwoordig. Hier is 'n hoë resolusie foto soos u versoek het.
Weereens dankie,
Brian

Onderwerp: Re: 91ste Bomb Group -pleisterfoto's Datum: 14/08/2002 18:56:24 PM Pacific Daylight Time Van: [email protected]
U kan die logo's op u webwerf gebruik.
Jim Shepherd

Moet asseblief nie my foto's of teks in die steek laat nie. Vra my toestemming.
Kopiereg en kopie 1998-2012 Brian French. Alle regte voorbehou

Kyk gerus na hierdie WW2 -kolle,
maar moet asseblief nie my WWF AAF / AAC Squadron Patch -beelde kopieer sonder my toestemming nie.


Tydlyn vir geskiedenis van Nevada

Ongeveer 900 vC bewoon die Patayan- en Anasazi -inheemse Amerikaners die Colorado -riviergebied in die gebied wat bekend staan ​​as Nevada. En teen 1200 nC word die gebied bevolk deur groot groepe inheemse Amerikaners. Mojave Inboorlinge plant gewasse langs die oewers. Die Washoe-stam woon in die Sierra Nevada-bergreeks wat die grens vorm tussen die huidige Nevada en Kalifornië. Die Paiute woon in die noordelike en suidelike Nevada, terwyl die Shoshone die noordoostelike streek beset. Nevada is die sewende grootste van die 50 state, maar is een van die ylbevolkte.

16de eeu Nevada geskiedenis tydlyn

1519 - Gebied geëis deur Spanje, Alta California (verowering van Mexiko).

1540 - Die Spaanse ontdekkingsreisiger Melchi Diaz reis deur 'n gebied met drie state.

1542 - Reis na die kus van Kalifornië deur Juan de Cabrillo.

17de eeu Nevada geskiedenis tydlyn

1609 - Stad Santa Fe gestig as Spaans-Indiese handelsentrum. Dit is gehou deur die Pueblo-Indiane van 1680-92.

18de eeu Nevada geskiedenis tydlyn

1756 - 1763: Die Sewejarige Oorlog (Franse en Indiese Oorlog) weens geskille oor grond word deur Groot -Brittanje gewen. Frankryk gee Engeland die hele Franse gebied oos van die Mississippirivier, behalwe New Orleans. Die Spanjaarde gee Oos- en Wes -Florida prys aan die Engelse in ruil vir Kuba.

1775 - 1783 - Die Amerikaanse Revolusie skep die Verenigde State van Amerika. Die rewolusie was te wyte aan die Britse belastinglas en totale mag om enige wette wat die Amerikaanse kolonies beheer, te wet. George Washington het die Amerikaanse oorwinning oor Groot -Brittanje gelei in die Amerikaanse Revolusionêre Oorlog (Amerikaanse Onafhanklikheidsoorlog)

  • Vader Garces steek die Colorado -rivier oor by Katherine Landing.
  • 4 Julie - Amerikaanse onafhanklikheidsverklaring

1778 - 10 Julie verklaar Frankryk oorlog teen Brittanje en sluit 'n alliansie met die Amerikaanse revolusionêre magte

1783 - Op 3 September word die Verdrag van Parys onderteken deur die oorwinnende Verenigde State en die verslane Groot -Brittanje

19de eeu Nevada geskiedenis tydlyn

1826 - September - Jedediah Smith, lei ekspedisie na Meadow Valley Wash na Muddy River en word aangemeld as die eerste witman wat Nevada binnegekom het.

1827 - Jedediah Smith en sy party keer terug uit Kalifornië, steek die middelpunt van wat Nevada geword het, oor.

1828 - 9 November - Humboldtrivier ontdek deur Peter Skene Ogden tydens sy vyfde Snake Country -ekspedisie 1828-1829.

1829 - Antonio Armijo -party van 60 op die Old Spanish Trail na Los Angeles. Vind 'n oorvloed artesiese bronwater waarmee reisigers direk deur die uitgestrekte woestyn na Los Angeles kan sny. Spaanse handelaars noem die woestynoase Las Vegas, Spaans vir "The Meadows".

1830 - 8 Januarie - Eerste pak trein om van Santa Fe, New Mexico, na Los Angeles te ry, oor die Las Vegas -vallei. Onder leiding van Antonio Armijo, 'n Santa Fe -handelaar.

1833-34 - Joseph Walker het 'n groep uit die party van kaptein Bonneville langs die Humboldt gelei op 'n geheime verkenning van Kalifornië.

  • Desember/Januarie - Kaptein John C. Fremont se topografiese ekspedisie van ongeveer 25 mans het by Pyramid Lake aangekom, terwyl hierdie streek nog steeds deel was van Mexiko, 30 myl noordoos van die huidige stad Reno, en die meer genoem - Piramide.
  • Fremont Party het die eerste wit mans geword om 'n blik te kry op die grootste en mooiste bergmeer ter wêreld, Lake Tahoe, die bron van die Truckee -rivier, en die tuiste van die huidige Reno en die waters wat die Desert Oasis van Pyramid Lake vul.
  • Begin 2de, ekspedisie (1842)
  • John Fremont en sy party was die eerste wit mans wat die Black Rock -woestyn oorgesteek het

1834 - Stevens-Townsend-partytjie onder leiding van Old Greenwood het met waens in die Humboldt afgegaan, die eerste wat oorgeneem is na wat later Donnerpas geword het.

1841 - Die vroegste georganiseerde emigrante het deur Nevada gegaan, die Bartleson-Bidwell-party van Independence, MO, waaronder een vrou en 'n kind wat Nevada oorgesteek het via die Humboldt, Carson Sink en Walkerrivier.

1843 - Immigranteparty onder leiding van Joseph Walker deur Walker Pass het die eerste waens oor die Sierra geneem.

1845 - Kaptein Fremont steek Nevada weer oor met sy gids, Joseph Walker, na wie die meer vernoem is.

1846 - Donner Party het hul reis te lank in die Truckee Meadows naby die huidige stad Reno, Nevada, vertraag en vasgevang geraak in die swaar sneeu van die Sierra Nevada toe hulle probeer om die "Hastings Cutoff" deur die berge na Kalifornië te volg. Hulle het kannibalisme gebruik in hul pogings om die winter te oorleef. 47 uit 87 het omgekom.

1847 - Mormoonse mense verhuis in 1847 na die vrugbare Salt Lake -vallei.

  • Januarie - James Marshall se ontdekking van goud by Sutter se saagmeule aan die South Fork van die Amerikaanse rivier, naby die huidige stad Coloma in Kalifornië, begin met die groot goudstormloop.
  • Verenigde State het Nevada in die Verdrag van Guadalupe Hidalgo verkry.
  • Na raming het 22 500 setlaars in 1849 deur die Truckee Meadows gegaan, daarna 45 000 in 1850 en tot 52 000 in 1852. Goud- en silwer prospekteerders het begin soek na die onvrugbare lande in Noord -Nevada.
  • Kaptein Hunt het die eerste wa -trein, The Jayhawkers, van Salt Lake na Suid -Kalifornië geneem via die Mormon Trail. Dit is die wa wat die naam "Death Valley" gegee het, aangesien baie van hulle daar omgekom het.
  • Die eerste aangetekende ontdekking van goud in Nevada was in Gold Canyon naby die huidige Dayton.

1850 - Die Amerikaanse kongres het die Utah -gebied gestig op versoek van die Mormone in Salt Lake.

  • Kol. John Reese en ander Mormone (almal mans) het in Carson Valley aangekom.
  • Julie - goud is ontdek in Gold Canyon, naby Dalton.
  • 12 November - Die territoriale geskiedenis van Nevada begin. 'N Openbare vergadering is gehou met die doel om 'n plakkersregering te organiseer. 'N Voorlopige regering gestig om hul grondeise te beskerm en om die burgerlike orde te handhaaf.
  • November - Handelspos op die huidige kruising van Thompson- en Vyfde Straat in Carson City. Die pos het die naam "Eagle Station" gekry. Dit was die begin van Carson City.
  • Goue muntstukke wat deur die Mormone in Salt Lake City in die Church Mint geslaan is, het in Carson Valley begin sirkuleer
  • Eerste tolbrug in Nevada is gebou deur kolonel John Reese, oor die Carsonrivier, nie ver van die Mormon -stasie nie.
  • Eerste grondeis is toegestaan ​​deur die regering van die Mormonstasie -plakkersregering aan kolonel Reese.
  • Die eerste huwelik in Nevada het naby die Mormon -stasie plaasgevind.
  • Die eerste egskeiding in Nevada was ook naby die Mormon -stasie, hoewel dit onbekend is of dit verband hou met die eerste huwelik!
  • Julie - Lola Montress, 'n aktrise uit Kalifornië, het 'n klein partytjie uit Grass Valley, CA, gelei op 'n uitstappie na die Truckee Meadows, en word die eerste toeriste wat Nevada besoek het.
  • Benjamin Palmer was die eerste Afro -Amerikaner (op rekord) wat hom in Nevada gevestig het. Hy bedryf 40 jaar lank 'n plaas naby Sheridan.
  • Die eerste poskantoor in Nevada is gestig by die Mormon -stasie, huidige Genua.
  • Die eerste skool is gestig in Nevada, geleë in Israel Mott se huis in die Carson -vallei en is geleer deur 'n 'mevrou Allen'.
  • Die eerste dans in Nevada was in Dayton. Die dans is gehou op Oujaarsaand by Hall's Trading Post.
  • Carson County is geskep deur die regering van Utah.
  • Die eerste blanke geboorte ('n seuntjie) in Nevada is geregistreer in 'n joernaal wat deur Laura Ellis gehou is. Sy en haar man James vestig hulle op 'n plaas in Gold Canyon, naby Dayton.
  • 14 - 15 Junie - Die mormoonse profeet Brigham Young het 'n groep van 30 mans gestuur, [waaronder Oscar Hamblin, broer van die beroemde Mormoonse Indiese sendeling], gelei deur William Bringhurst na die Las Vegas -vallei. Bringhurst het bevele gekry om 'n sending vir die Heiliges van die Laaste Dae te stig. Hulle het 'n 150 vierkante voet groot baksteen -fort gebou, waarvan 'n deel vandag nog die oudste struktuur in Nevada is (maar nie die eerste nie), en die gepaste naam is die Mormoonse fort.
  • Die Potosi-myn is ongeveer drie en veertig myl suidwes van die sending ontdek deur James Morgan wat dit vir kwiksilwer en sink bewerk het. The mine was referred to as the Lead Mine, but later became known as the Potosi, and was opened as the first lode mine in Nevada.
  • Nathaniel V. Jones is assigned to the mission by Brigham Young to explore for minerals in the area. Jones was considered the father of Nevada's lode mining. Although this has been disputed as being a bit overstated.
  • First Chinatown in Nevada was in Dayton.
  • Chinese laborers were brought in to dig a ditch from Gold Canyon to within two miles of town. The ditch remains in tact today.
    Mormon Station renamed Genoa.

1857 - June - Pioneer Stage Line, the first stage to navigate the Sierras, traveled from Placerville, CA to Genoa began a once a month route with passengers and mail traffic.

  • Mormon Mission adbandoned at Las Vegas also meant the closing of the Potosi mine.
    Fort Mohave was established in the southern tip of Nevada, and it's believed that soldiers from the fort discovered gold in Eldorado Canyon which led to active mining in that area.
  • Mines in Eldorado Canyon proved to be among the most consistent producers in the state from 1860 until World War II when the mines were closed.
  • First edition of the Territorial Enterprise was printed in Genoa, Utah Territory. It was the first 'printed' paper, but was preceded by two 'handwritten' newspapers. Nevada's first newspaper was actually the Gold-Canon Switch produced about 1854 in the fledgling mining camp of Johntown. The second hand-written newspaper, The Scorpion, dates to about February 1st, 1857 when Stephen A. Kinsey issued the first number at Genoa.
  • First telegraph line was constructed between Placerville, CA and Genoa - the newly developed stage line.
    Carson City is laid out. The Mormon missionaries pull out of the Las Vegas Mission.
  • July 18 - a constitutional convention was held at Genoa.
  • Bill of Rights and a proposed State Constitution was adopted.
  • Isaac Roop was elected governor of the provisional territory of Nevada
  • November 26 - One year after the Territorial Enterprise put out its first edition it found a permanent home in Virginia City, (Utah Territory), where the paper resumed publication on November 3rd, 1860.
  • Telegraph line was extended from Genoa to Carson City.
  • Rich outcropping of gold and silver, the Comstock Lode, was discovered 40 miles from the Truckee Meadows.
  • Virginia City sprang up over night.
  • Charles William Fuller built a wooden bridge near the present site of Reno's Riverside Hotel, and charged a toll to everyone and everything that crossed his bridge. His bridge was washed away several years in a row
  • April - Pony Express began its route from St. Joseph, MO to Sacramento, CA - about 200 miles.
    May 12 - Battle between Indians and whites near Pyramid Lake cost the lives of 66 white men, including Major William M. Ormsby.
  • June 2 - Force of 754 volunteers and regular US Army troops engaged the Indians in battle along the tableland and mountainside in retaliation for the battle on May 12th. 46 Indians perished in the battle.
  • November 3 - Territorial Enterprise newspaper resumes publishing a newspaper in Virginia City from the corner of A Street and Sutton Avenue, then the heart of the booming business district.
  • Placerville & Humboldt Telegraph Company Line extended lines from Carson City to Virginia City.
  • Wells Fargo Express and Banking Company opened an office in Virginia City, becoming the first bank of Nevada.
  • First ore mill built in in Nevada was built at Galena to process gold from the Comstock lode.
  • Nevada's population: 6,857.
  • Charles William Fuller sold his crossing to Myron Charles Lake in 1861, the name becoming Lake's Crossing. While Lake improved the crossing, its population was essentially Lake's family until 1868 and the founding of Reno. It was not considered a village prior to 1868.
  • March 2 - By an Act of Congress, signed by President James Buchanan, the region achieved territorial status. Separate from Utah, officially adapting the name NEVADA, Spanish for Snow Capped.
  • July 11 Gov. Nye proclaimed establishment of the Territorial Government.
  • November 25 - the first Nevada Territorial Legislature met in Carson City and carved nine counties out of the newly created territory - Churchill, Douglas, Esmeralda, Humboldt, Lyon, Ormsby (Later to become Carson City County), Storey, Washoe, and Lake Counties.
  • First school house was built in Washoe County.
  • First Board of State Prison Commissioners was created by the Territorial Legislature of 1861.
    Nevada's Territorial motto adopted - "Volens et Potens" - "Willing and Able".
  • Daily overland mail stage established.
  • Nevada's population was recorded at 14,404 persons, with the majority, about 4,581 persons, residing in and around Virginia City.
  • Camp Ruby was established by Col. P.E. Conner and the Territory of Nevada recruited 1,100 men for Civil War service.
    Gold and Silver discovered near Austin, and the Reese River Mining District was organized.

1863 - Western Shoshone Indians sign treaty of Ruby Valley, signed by Te-Moak.

  • October 31st - Statehood obtained. Nevada becomes the 36th state.
  • Since this was the time of the Civil War the state motto of "Battle Born" was adopted.
  • Nevada's admission as a state in the Union in 1864 was not contingent on its precious metal production. This is a long-standing myth! Nevada's mineral wealth was finding its way into Union coffers as early as March 2, 1861 when it was created as a federal territory and by its very nature an extension of the federal govt. and a part of the Union. Territorial Governor Nye was appointed by Pres. Abraham Lincoln to ensure the stability of the territory and the gold and silver production would not be disrupted or find its way into Confederate hands.
  • The longest Morse Code telegram ever sent was the Nevada state constitution Sent from Carson City to Washington, DC. and cost $3000. The first part was tapped out by Frank Bell, cousin to Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone.
  • While Henry Goode Blasdel was the first elected elected governor of Nevada, former Territorial Governor James W. Nye served as acting Governor of Nevada for some 5 weeks by state constitutional provision. The numbering of Nevada governors properly starts with him as #1, i.e. Kenny Guinn is the 28th governor of Nevada. Besides Nye, there were other men who served as governor, were not elected to office, and are counted as Nevada governors. Frank Bell (7th), 1890-91, did not run in 1890 Denver Dickerson (12th), 1908-11, ran in 1910 and lost Morley Griswold (17th), 1934-35, ran in 1934 and lost..
  • William Sharon no luck in his prior search for gold. He meets William Rolston, owner of the Bank of California in San Francisco. Opens a branch bank in Virginia City.
  • Octavius Decatur Gass (separate website) took over the Old Mormon Fort, establishing a station to supply Las Vegas Valley miners and settlers.
  • William M. Stewart and James W. Nye elected to the US Senate.
  • Sutro Tunnel Company formed.

1866 - The official Nevada State Seal was adopted.

  • July 26 - Fort Halleck (separate website) formed as Camp Halleck by Captain S. P. Smith to protect the California Emigrant Trail and construction work on the Central Pacific Railroad.
  • Virginia City Miners Union formed.
  • Clark county becomes part of Nevada. Before 1867 it was part of the Arizona Territory.
  • December 13 - Locomotive from Central Pacific Rail Road edged across the state line near present day Verdi, becoming the first train to enter Nevada.9
  • March 2 - The Virginia & Truckee Railroad Company established.
  • July - The first hot air balloon ride lifted off from Carson City, carrying Tony Ward.
  • The Central Pacific RR arrive at Lake's Crossing and the Central Pacific railroad (now Union Pacific) auctioned off 400 lots in a neatly laid out town site, now downtown Reno, named for Jesse Lee Reno, an American army officer who had served in the Mexican War and was later killed in Civil War action at South Mountain, Maryland, Sept. 14,1862.
  • March 3 - Legislature passed an act for the construction of a suitable building for the care and maintenance of orphans of the state, located in Ormsby county.
  • May10 - The tracks for the Central Pacific Railroad met the Union Pacific Railroad at Promontory Summit, just south of Promontory, Utah. In Carson City, the Nevada State Legislature overrode the Governor's veto and formally legalized gambling in Nevada.
  • Elko County was created.
  • Late December an Earthquake shook Reno.
    October 19 - Construction on the Sutro tunnel began - to drain water from the Comstock Lode. It cost approximately $4.5 million and was 4 miles long.
  • Two wheel bicycles were introduced to Nevada.
  • US Mint established in Carson City where coins were minted from 1870 to 1893.
  • November 4 - The first train robbery in the Western United States.
  • Nevada's population: 42,491 - 27 percent of the State's total were located in Virginia City and its environs.
  • Virginia & Truckee RR completed to Carson City.

1871 - Lewis R. "Broadhorns" Bradley elected 2nd Governor of Nevada 1871-79, (2 terms) and died in Elko on March 21, 1879.

1872 - Virginia & Truckee RR extended to Reno.

  • March - The Great Bonanza Mine in Virginia City discovered. Eureka County was created from part of Lander County.
  • Nevada became the world leader in the production of Borax from the plant at Teels Marsh.

1874 - University of Nevada was opened at Elko.

1875 - Wednesday, October 27 - Virginia City , the great fire of 1875. Another fire laid waste to Eureka.

1876 - August 8 - Pat McCarran born, Reno.

  • "An Act to Prohibit The Winning of Money from Persons Who Have No Right to Gamble It away," was passed.
  • Nevada Wildlife Commission was established.
  • July 8 - The Sutro Tunnel completed, reaching the Comstock mines.
  • New Silver Dollar arrives, known as the Morgan Dollar, but no one welcomed it's return since it was discontinued in 1873.
  • October - Old Chief Winnemucca died.
  • Right to vote for political candidates was extended to non-whites in Nevada - yet still excluded Native Americans.
  • Nevada's population: 62,266.
  • Hawthorne townsite auction: only $1.4 million produced on Comstock
  • Fifty silver-lead mines were producing in the Eureka District.
    First high school opened in Nevada.
  • Jewett Adams 4th Governor of Nevada 1883-87.
  • Sarah Winnemucca wrote the book: "Life among the Piutes".
  • Piper's Opera House rebuilt on B Street in Virginia City

1884 - Sarah Winnemucca established Nevada's first school for Native Americans

  • Carson Mint ceased operation.
  • State university from Elko to Reno.
  • Absalom Lehman discovered what became known as the Lehman Caves.
  • September 12, cornerstone laid for Morrill Hall, first building at University of Nevada

1886 - Fort Halleck in Elko County was abandoned.

  • Ely designated county seat of White Pine County
  • February 4 - First electric street lamps in Reno
  • Charles Clark Stevenson(1887-90) 5th Governor of Nevada. Governor Stevenson was the first to die in office, September 21st, 1890.
  • Wovoka, the Paiute prophet has a vision of the Ghost Dance
  • Both parties back free coinage of silver
  • September 29th - The cornerstone for the (now historical) Federal Building in Carson City was laid.

1889-90 - Winter - Known as the "White Winter" nearly 100 inches of snow fell - the heaviest snowfall in northern Nevada history. An estimated 90-95% of the state's livestock died during that winter.

1889 - April - Carson Mint re-opened with $1,600,00 in gold bars on hand.

  • Francis Jardine Bell (1890-91) 6th Governor of Nevada.
  • Nevada's population: 47,355.
  • First installation of phones in Nevada was made by Francis Jardine Bell Consolidated Virginia Mine in Virginia City.
  • June 20 - Josiah and Elizabeth Potts were jointly hung in Elko County, Nevada for the crime of murder. Elizabeth was the first and only woman to be executed in Nevada.

1891 - Roswell Keyes Colcord (1891-95) 7th Governor of Nevada . Governor Colcord died in Carson City on October 30,1939 at the age of 100.

  • June 24 - Nevada post office known as Los Vegas perhaps to distinguish it from Las Vegas, New Mexico Territory was established. The remote post office in the Mojave Desert went by that name until December 9, 1903
  • Coin minting operations cease at US Mint
  • Greenfield renamed Yerington
  • February 1 - The Great Meteor - A meteor fell and struck the ground between Candelaria and Bellville in Esmeralda County, Nevada
  • October 1 - Colored Republican Club with D. J. Harris president, Alex Harris Secretary, Wm. Lynch Treasurer was formed.
  • Nevada legislature authorized the state's first public library in Reno.
  • John Edward Jones 8th Governor of Nevada 1895-96. Governor Jones died in office April 10,1896.

1896 - Reinhold Sadler became Acting (9th) Governor of Nevada 1896-1903 after Governor Jones died.

  • Corbett-Fitzsimons heavyweight championship bout
  • Gold discovered in Searchlight by G. F. Colton
  • Reno was first incorporated in 1897, discorporated in 1899, and has been continuously incorporated since 1903. The City of Reno is celebrating its 100th anniversary in 2003.
  • Reinhold Sadler was elected Governor (already acting Governor from 1896.
  • Mint at Carson City was dismantled and re-equipped for assaying.

20th Century Nevada History Timeline

  • May 19 - Jim Butler discovers gold at Tonopah
  • September 19 - "Wild Bunch" robs a Winnemucca bank
  • Henry Goode Blasdel, Nevada's first Governor dies at his home in Oakland, California.
  • Nevada's Population: 42,335.

1901 -Law was passed making it unlawful to sell horse-meat without informing the purchaser of its nature.

  • Congress creates Newlands Project (Fallon, Fernley established)
  • Wyatt Erp arrives in Tonopah
  • Mayor worries Reno's "a wide open town"
  • John W. Mackay, most famous of all the Comstockers, died in London, England, at the age of 72.
  • Goldfield was discovered.
  • Nevada's first offical Labor Day in Reno on September 7
  • President Theodore Roosevelt visit
  • John Sparks 10th Governor of Nevada 1903-08.
  • Construction of a railroad through southern Nevada was started to connect Salt Lake City and Los Angeles.
  • Vitagraph Theater in Reno opened and was the first movie house in Nevada.
  • Tonopah and Goldfield Railroad completed
  • Sparks named for Gov. John Sparks Eno trolley line opens November 24
  • Wyatt Earp operated a saloon in Tonapah, "The Northern".
  • Virgil Earp, brother of lawman, Wyatt, and survivor of the famous shootout at the "O. K. Corral, became Deputy Sheriff in Goldfield. He later died of pneumonia in Goldfield, Oct. 19, 1905.
  • May 15 - Las Vegas townsites auctioned
  • First state flag was adopted.
  • October 7 - First baby born in Clark's Las Vegas,
  • June 10 - First fire in Las Vegas broke out at 10:30 at Chop House Bills.
  • Congress creates National Forests in Nevada
  • Gans-Nelson fight in Goldfield on September 3
  • Northern Nevada Railroad completed in Ely
  • August 1 - Service begins on V&T extension to Minden
  • Barnwell Searchlight Line was abandoned in 1924.
  • Union Pacific Railroad depot is completed in Las Vegas.
  • February 3 - Las Vegas gets first streetlights.
  • June 2nd - first carload of distilled whiskey to be shipped into Nevada directly from the distillery was received by J. O. McIntosh of the Arizona Club.
  • Nevada's first Chamber of Commerce was established in Elko.
  • Ripetown founded.
  • Federal troops sent to Goldfield for labor troubles
  • Denver Sylvester Dickerson 11th Governor (served his term as Acting-Governor),of Nevada 1908-11.
  • The burning of Chinatown was in Reno.
  • First official Governor's Mansion
  • Jarbidge - Gold was discovered in this isolated area in 1909 by Dave Bourne, and a total of $9 million was produced.
  • Clark County was formed out of Lincoln County, Las Vegas made county seat.
  • December - A snow storm at Las Vegas left twelve inches of snow on the city.
  • July 3 - first marriage certificate filed in Clark County.
  • Gambling was abolished in Nevada.
  • Las Vegas is nearly wiped out due to more than 100 miles of track on the Nevada route to Salt Lake being destroyed by flood.
  • June 23 - The first air flight in Nevada took place on the old Raycraft Ranch immediately to the west.
  • Nevada's population: 81,875.
  • Last Indian "Uprising." Shoshone Mike and family members killed
  • Tasker L. Oddie 12th Governor of Nevada 1911-15.
  • Las Vegas becomes incorporated. The original boundaries for Las Vegas where from Garces Street to Stewart, and from Main Street to 5th Street.
  • Las Vegas population: 3,000.
  • Helen Stewart deeded 10 acres to Paiute Indians in the Las Vegas Valley area. T

1912 - First Mayor of Las Vegas, Peter Buol elected

  • First state motor vehicle law passed, the license fee to be 12.5 cents per horsepower, minimum horsepower rating to be 20.
  • Nevada State Route 1 was designated as the first highway
  • Emmet Derby Boyle 13th Governor of Nevada 1915-23, (2 terms).
  • The second state flag was adopted.

1916 - December 5 - Jarbidge, NV - The Last Stage Robbery in the country took place in Jarbidge Canyon, one-quarter mile north of the town.

  • Carson, Dresslerville and Reno-Sparks Indian Colonies established
  • March 20 - Sagebrush adopted as state flower.

1918 - State prohibition law goes into effect

  • Pershing County created with Lovelock as county seat
  • First woman in State Legislature, Sadie D. Hurst
  • March 19 - Trans-Sierran Pioneer Flight. The first authenticated air flight over the Sierra Nevada
  • Clara Dunham Crowell was appointed the first woman sheriff in Nevada.
  • First airmail out of Reno
  • July - Edna Howard Covert Plummer was the first woman to found a national bank. She founded the Farmer's and Merchant's Bank in Euerka.
  • Nevada's population: 77,407.

1921 - Ruth Averill, republican from Nye county was the first woman attorney to serve in the Nevada Assembly.

  • July 21 - The first radio station in the state, station KDZK, was established in Reno.
  • August 23 - A fire in Tonapah which started from an unknown source near the Casino dance hall spread four blocks to the railway depot

1923 - James Graves Scrugham 14th Governor of Nevada 1923-27. Nevada, along with Montana, pass the country's first old age pension act.

  • December 10 - O. D. Gass dies in California.
  • Chinaman was executed at the state prison with lethal gas, the first execution of this type.
  • All American aboriginal people (Native Americans) were given the right to vote by US Congress.

1925 - February 13 - A silver strike at the Piermont Mine in Spring Valley

  • First Airport in Las Vegas established at Rockwell Field.
  • First air mail delivery departed Las Vegas 10:45 AM, piloted by Maury Graham.
  • Fredrick Bennett Balzar 15th Governor of Nevada (1927-34). During his administration, he signed Nevada's open gambling law and the six weeks divorce law.
  • He was the only governor to pass away in the governor's mansion. He died there on March 21st, 1934.

1928 - US Government appropriates $165 million for the Boulder Canyon Project, later renamed Boulder Dam, Las Vegas by President Roosevelt, but changed again by Congress in 1947 to Hoover Dam.

1929 - The third state flag was adopted.

  • March 19 - The Governor of Nevada, Fred Balzar, approved the "wide open" gambling bill that had been introduced by Winnemucca rancher, Assemblyman Phil Tobin.
  • The first traffic light is installed in Las Vegas on Fremont Street.
  • 1932 - Pat McCarran elected to the US Senate.
  • Construction worker Hard hat's were first invented and used specifically for workers on the dam.
  • Fremont Street was a bustling business district.
  • June 6 - The first concrete was poured for Hoover Dam.

1934 - Morley Griswold 16th Governor of Nevada 1934-35.

  • Richard Kirman, Sr. 17th Governor of Nevada (1935-39).
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Boulder Dam with a motorcade down Fremont Street.
  • The Las Vegas Elks Club institutes Helldorado Days, a week-long celebration of Las Vegas' frontier heritage featuring a parade on Fremont Street.
  • First convention held in Las Vegas.
  • May 29 - The last concrete was poured for Hoover Dam.

1936 - October 26th - The generation of electricity began at Hoover dam.

  • February 24 - Three Federal Judges, Clifton Mathews, Harold Louderback and Frank Norcross upheld the decision made by a master in chancery and issued a permanent injunction against the enforcement that trains be limited to 70 cars, saying it was unconstitutional.
  • The Caliente Herald reported they were having the "coldest weather spell in memory for the past five days", with temperatures down to 10° above to 31° below zero, with 18 inches of snow.

1938 - April 1 - Carson City -Warden Lewis announced the formation of a the first State Police Department

1939 - Edward Peter Carville 18th Governor of Nevada (1939-45). In 1945 he resigned to be appointed US Senator by then Acting-Governor Vail Pittman.

  • February 21 - The body of Queho was found 30 years after his first murder just a few miles from Searchlight.
  • Oldest mummified remains of man on the continent, known as the "Spirit Cave Man" were discovered by S. M. and Georgia Wheeler, in a cave in the Grimes Point area east of Fallon.
    Nevada's population: 110,247
  • Thomas Hull, a local businessman who owned a string of motor inns in California decided to open the El Rancho Vegas. Thus the Las Vegas Strip was born.
  • January 25 - The city of Las Vegas leases property, formerly known as the Western Air Express runway and field, to the US Army Quartermaster for the development of an aerial gunnery school.
  • Western-themed Hotel Last Frontier opened, using a stagecoach to bring gamblers from the airport.
  • January 17 - Famed film star, and wife of famed film actor Clark Gable, Carol Lombard died in an TWA Skysleeper crash when the plane she was on went down on Table mountain on the Potosi Range.

1943 - 3733 tons of scrap was collected in Nevada to help the war.

  • March 3 - "A total of 1251 motor vehicle licenses issued to date this year in Nye Co
  • July 3 - Jack Dempsey, former heavyweight boxing champion, and Commander in the U. S. Coast Guard (in 1944) sold $453,000 worth of U. S. War Bonds in Washoe County.

1945 - Vail Montgomery Pittman became acting (19th) Governor (1945-50), July 24, when Governor Carville resigned. He was officially elected in 1946.

  • December 26 - The Strip's third resort, The Flamingo Hotel opened under the control of Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegal.
  • Nevada became the nation's leading producer of Tungsten
  • March 1st - The Flamingo Hotel Changes it's name to The Fabulous Flamingo.
  • Air field was deactivated after the war.
  • July - A B29 Superfortress bomber was on a scientific mission, when due to difficulties, it struck the water of Lake Meade at 250 mph.
  • September 2 - The Thunderbird opened as the Strip's 4th resort. It's name was changed in 1977 to the Silverbird, then again in 1982 to the El Rancho, which was imploded on October 3rd, 2000.

1949 - Air field was reactivated as the Las Vegas Air Force Base.

  • Charles Hinton Russell 20th Governor (1951-1958 )of Nevada.
  • Student's at the Las Vegas High School recommend the Las Vegas Air Force Base be renamed in honor of Lt. William Harrell Nellis, who was killed in action over Luxomburg, December 1944.
  • Nevada's population: 160,083.
  • Charles Hinton Russell 20th Governor of Nevada (1951-59).
  • Vegas Vic, 48-foot tall sign, the waving cowboy, who greets downtown visitors and Welcomes them to Las Vegas, is erected on the Pioneer Club.
  • Atomic testing began at the Nevada Proving Grounds.
  • December 15 - The Sands opens as the Strip's seventh resort.
  • Jim Thorpe lived in Nevada for a time in 1952,
  • KLAS, Las Vegas valley's first TV station, went on the air, as did KOLO in Reno.
  • An extension of the University of Nevada in Reno was established in Las Vegas known as Nevada Southern University
  • Uranium discovered in the Reese River Mining District.
  • September 28 - Pat McCarran died at Hawthorne, Nevada.
  • February 15 - Ronald Reagan began a two-week engagement at the Last Frontier
  • First woman Mayor in Nevada was Dorothy Porter
  • First paved road between Las Vegas and Pahrump was built.
  • February 18 - The US Government began a new series of atomic tests at the Nevada Proving Grounds.
  • The nine-story Riviera Hotel became the first high-rise resort. May 23 - The Dunes opens as the Strip's 10th resort.
  • April 4 - The Last Frontier opens under new management and a new name - The New Frontier. The new owner didn't feel Las Vegas was the Last Frontier any longer, so he changed the name.
  • November17 - Fourteen people died when a C-54 transport in route from Burbank, CA to the area 51 installation on the dry Groom Lake bed, crashed into the west side of Mt. Charleston. The plane was transporting workers to test the U-2 spy plane at Groom Lake.
  • Nellis Air Force Base became the home of the Thunderbirds, the aerobatic team of the Air Force.
  • Comedian Shecky Green, starred at the New Frontier, the opening singing number for him was Elvis.

1957 - US Government began a new series of atomic weapons test.

1958 - April 21 - A jet from Nellis AFB collided with a United Airlines DC-7, just west of Las Vegas, killing 49 people.

1959 - Grant Sawyer 21st Governor of Nevada 1959-67.

1960 - The El Rancho, the first casino on the strip burns down.
Nevada's population: 284,920

1961 - December 7 - Tribute to the 80 officers and crew members who died and the 140 which were wounded aboard the USS Nevada when it was attacked just 20 years prior at Pearl Harbor.

  • July 6 10:00 a.m- H-Bomb tested
  • Denio, on the state border of Nevada and Oregon in northern Humboldt County got for the first time in the history of the town, 5 street lamps.
  • Post office was on the Oregon side in the 1890s, but in the 1950s one opened on the Nevada side.

1963 - The US Government resumed underground tests of nuclear weapons.

1965 - Nevada ranked first in the United States in production of Barite

  • Paul Laxalt 22nd Governor of Nevada (1967-71).
  • First community college in Nevada opened in Elko.
  • The New Frontier changed hands, and names again. Under the ownership of Howard Hughes it no longer maintained a theme so it was simply called The Frontier.

1968 - October 18 - The $15 million Circus Circus Casino opened on the Las Vegas Strip.

  • January 15 - The US Government held two underground tests. Again on 01/30/69 and again on 02/12/69 more underground tests were done.
  • July 4th - The Landmark Hotel opens.
  • The burial site of the prehistoric Ichthyosaurs, would be protected by the Nevada State Legislature as the Berlin-Ichthyosaurs State Park.
  • Nevada's population: 488,738.
  • Donald Neil O'Callaghan 23rd Governor of Nevada (1971-79) .
  • The Fabulous Flamingo changes its name again to the Flamingo Hilton.

1973 - The MGM Grand opened

1976 - Clark County Museum receives the Boulder City Railroad Depot and moved the structure to a new location for the museum on Boulder Highway in Henderson. The Depot, is now the headquarters for the Clark County Heritage Museum.

1977 - Ichthyosaurs Shonisaurus Popularis would become immortalized as Nevada's official state fossil.

  • Robert Frank (1979-83) List 24th Governor of Nevada.
    Barbara Bennett was the first woman elected Mayor of Reno. She resigned in 1983 to accept a state level job.

1981 - Nevada adopted the Lahanton Cuthroat trout as its official state fish.

1982 - Republican Patty D. Cafferata was elected state treasurer - the first Constitutional Seat won by a woman.

1983 - Richard H. Bryan 25th Governor of Nevada1983-89.

1987 - Congess established the Great Basin National Park

  • Robert Joseph Miller (1989-99) 26th Governor of Nevada.
  • Mirage opens, beginning a new "mega resort" era.

1990 - Jan Laverty Jones was the first woman elected Mayor of Las Vegas.
Nevada's population: 1,236,130

1991 - Nevada's 125th (Birthday) Celebration Committee commissioned George Dare of Henderson, Nevada to write a new state song.

1993 - October 29 - The Dunes Hotel/Casino imploded.

  • Final Helldorado Days Parade is held on Fremont Street in Las Vegas. Street is permanently closed to make way for construction of the Fremont Street Experience.
  • MGM Grand in Las Vegas was built with 5,005 rooms, and that hotel recaptured the "world's-largest" honors.
  • 26.8 million passengers pass through McCarran International Airport.
  • November 7 - The Landmark Hotel & Casino imploded.
  • Clark County surpassed the 1 million population mark.
  • June - Gaming Control Board reports there are 176,995 slot machines statewide, and 5,782 live table games statewide.

1996 - November 26 - The Sands Resort Hotel imploded.

1997 - October 15 - First supersonic land speed record 766.100 mph was set in Nevada's Black Rock Desert 125 miles north of Reno.

1998 - October - Bellagio resort opened on the land once occupied by the Dunes Hotel.

  • Kenny Guinn 27th Governor of Nevada.
  • March 2 - Mandalay Bay opened in Las Vegas.
  • Under new ownership, the Frontier changed its named again, back to the New Frontier. T
    May 3 - The Venetian opened in Las Vegas.

21st Century Nevada History Timeline

2000 - Nevada's population: 1,998,257

  • February 9 - 3 Millionth marriage certificate recorded in Clark Co.
    March 14 - State of Nevada adapts an official "Tartan".
    May 8 - Town of Gabbs, Nevada's smallest city was disincorporated
  • April 27 - The three killings in Laughlin on a casino floor were the largest number in Nevada history. However, there was a murder/suicide at Harrah's in its Reno casino that involved two killings (estranged husband and wife) on May 21, 1976. The tragic event was overshadowed by the murder of heavyweight contender, Oscar Bonavena, at the Mustang Ranch brothel east of Reno on May 22, 1976.
  • August 2 - B-29 "Superfortress" bomber, missing for over 50 years in Lake Mead, has been located Gregg Mikolasek.
  • Flooding in Las Vegas Valley caused millions of dollars in damages
  • Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy mauled onstage by tiger during show

2006 - US polygamist sect leader on FBI's Ten Most Wanted List arrested in Las Vegas

  • Grand Canyon Skywalk Bridge opened
  • aviation adventurer, Steve Fossett, reported missing

2008 - Steve Fossett declared dead after missing five months

2009 - OJ Simpson found guilty of kidnapping, armed robbery of two sports memorabilia dealers in Las Vegas, sentenced to 33 years in prison

2010 - Nevada had highest population of illegal immigrants in US both houses of Nevada Legislature impacted by 12-years term limits Tea Party targeted Harry Reid


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